Understanding Official Development Assistance: Why does it matter?
The intent of this project is to ensure that each Country Office has access to the latest synthesized Official Development Assistance (ODA) statistics which could be used to facilitate discussions with in-country donors and line ministries—particularly the Ministry of Finance. Widening funding gaps for humanitarian assistance necessitate that WFP Country Offices fully understand the international aid flows and the national and donor perspectives in terms of sectoral priorities and challenges.
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Generally WFP funding is classified under the Humanitarian Aid and Multilateral ODA streams. The Bilateral development project, programme and technical cooperation component of ODA, by far the largest, also entertains many activities that are within WFP’s expertise, particularly in education, health and social protection sectors. In order to fully realize these opportunities WFP country offices may need to proactively interest the Ministry of Finance which has considerable leverage over the use of such funds.
In many countries WFP is already an important partner for national food security and nutrition project implementation, technical assistance and capacity development initiatives. This requires active cooperation with the government, particularly with relevant line ministries, international financial institutions and bilateral donors. It is now even more important as national priorities and donor support converges under the auspices of aid effectiveness. In other words, actively engaging with relevant government counterparts would enhance WFP’s credibility as a major food assistance actor, opening space and funding opportunities.
Each country PDF file provides latest statistics on net ODA trends, major donors, ODA by sector and donor, breakdown of humanitarian aid by its components. All the calculations are based on the statistics provided by OECD-DAC.